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What would the curriculum look like if it were developed from the perspective of measuring? Without formal tools, the Yup'ik Eskimos of Alaska used their body as a measuring device and employed ratios extensively in their daily practices. "Math in a Cultural Context" is developing curriculum materials based on Yup'ik Elders use of mathematics. This paper describes a hypothesised learning/teaching sequence that is grounded in real life experience and linked to the mathematics in the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Elementary School Mathematics, Elementary School Students, Mathematics Instruction,...

In this article, I contextualize and outline my use of testimonial literature, including orature, by residential school survivors in a preservice course focused on building practices of witness-­as-study (Simon & Eppert, 2005). My theorization of the course curriculum and pedagogy draws on key texts by Roger Simon as a means of proposing pedagogical strategies that teacher educators and teachers in Canada might bring to their classrooms as we take up the invitation of the Truth and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Residential Schools, Preservice Teacher Education, Student Experience, Canada...

American universities continue to top international rankings and to attract the world's best students and faculty, leading policymakers and the public to assume the US higher education system is delivering top-notch educational value to its students. Recently, however, significant cracks have emerged in this facade of excellence. Lackluster graduation rates, rising delinquency and default rates on student loans, and poor results on measures of student learning have raised alarm bells about the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Change, Postsecondary Education, Educational Quality, Educational Policy,...

Limited research has been accomplished within the past few years regarding issues and concerns of assessment for English Language Learners (ELL) with Learning Disabilities (LD). The increasing number of this unique population throughout schools has raised many concerns for professionals in education. English Language Learners with Learning Disabilities is a major topic that brings many issues and concerns of assessment for this particular population. How and by whom the students are being...
Topics: ERIC Archive, English Language Learners, Learning Disabilities, Teacher Competencies, Special...

The interplay among motivation, ability, attitudes, behaviors, homework, and learning is unclear from previous research. We analyze data collected from 687 students enrolled in seven economics courses. A model explaining homework and exam scores is estimated, and separate analyses of ability and motivation groups are conducted. We find that motivation and ability explain variation in both homework and exam scores. Attitudes and behaviors, such as procrastination and working with others...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Student Attitudes, Student Behavior, Academic Achievement, Performance Factors,...

This study examined specific issues and concerns faced by Bachelor of Education student teachers majoring in Language and Literature during their 12-week teaching practicum experience. Specifically, three main areas of concerns were examined. They were: (1) specific issues and concerns related to the implementation of teaching practicum faced by the student teachers; (2) Effect of interactions with the mentor teachers and faculty supervisor on the effectiveness of the practicum experience; and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Student Teachers, Student Teaching, Practicums, Mentors,...

According to the 2010 United States Census, one out of every five children live in an immigrant family with either one or both parents being immigrants. This paper will explore the unique needs of children of immigrants who come to school as immigrant students. A discussion of the use of Reality Therapy as a counseling approach with this population is illustrated. Appropriate counseling techniques addressing immigrant students; academic, career and personal/social needs are addressed. A...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Immigrants, Elementary School Students, Grade 3, Grade 4, Grade 5, Student Needs,...

The recognition of sound understanding of Nature of Science (NOS) in promoting scientific literacy among individuals has heightened the need to probe NOS conceptions among various groups. However, the nature of quantitative studies in gauging NOS understanding has left the understanding on few NOS aspects insufficiently informed. This paper aimed to probe the understanding on one of these underexplored aspects, namely the tentativeness of scientific theory. Phenomenographic data collect was...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Scientific Principles, Scientific Literacy, Scientific Attitudes, Preservice...

When we measure social competence, the scores indicate that a person can become better and better just as in other school subjects such as history or geography. In general, these scores also give an actual picture of the status and/or progress of the person's social competence. However, it might be preferable to portray many of the dimensions of social competence as a continuum where the optimal level could be in the middle rather than at one of the ends. That is to say, social initiatives...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Interpersonal Competence, Emotional Development, Social Development, Skill...

This paper describes a qualitative case study that investigated the aspirations and decision-making process of first-generation students concerning university education. The participants comprised of 16 first-generation students at a research university. Data were obtained through interviews and analyzed using thematic analysis method. The analyses centered on extracting meaning from factors behind students' university decisions. The student accounts highlight five factors in the process of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, First Generation College Students, College Choice, Qualitative Research, Case...

This article presents evidence to the need for Culturally Responsive Teaching (CRT) to construct students' identity in the Malaysian classrooms. Since an important objective of education is to prepare individuals to exercise efficaciously in their environment, all students in multicultural society could benefit from exposure to CRT (Gay, 2000). In this study, a specific text (Ah Khaw Goes to Heaven) was used in the English literature classroom, which depicted conflicts in multicultural Malaya...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Culturally Relevant Education, Identification (Psychology), Qualitative Research,...

This study aims to investigate the effect of integrating the Argument-Based Science Inquiry (ABSI) approach with multi-modal representations on students' achievement, and their argumentation and writing skills. The study was conducted with 62 female and 57 male college students at the Central Anatolian Turkish University. All participants were in their third year of the science education program. The study was carried out within four identical sections of a "Laboratory Applications in...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Science Achievement, Science Instruction, Writing Skills, Persuasive Discourse,...

Biological materials oversight in life sciences research in the United States is a challenging endeavor for institutions and the scientific, regulatory compliance, and federal communities. In order to assess biological materials oversight at Institutional Biosafety Committees (IBCs) registered with the United States National Institutes of Health, Office of Biotechnology Activities (NIH-OBA), a survey was sent to institutions obtained through a Freedom of Information Act request in early 2013....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Biology, Scientific Research, Safety, Research Administration, Science Materials,...

Design process optimisation and intelligence are the key words of today's scientific community. A proliferation of methods has made design a convoluted area. Designers are usually afraid of selecting one method/tool over another and even expert designers may not necessarily know which method is the best to use in which circumstances. This detailed study aims to optimise and simplify the selection process of general design methods and tools. It has been carried out to support designers'...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Design, Games, Design Requirements, Decision Making, Matrices, Guides, Visual Aids,...

The immigrant population is increasing steadily every year in Canada and in Quebec, in particular. The immigrant population is made up largely of families, most of whom have school-age children. However, we have little information on the practices these parents adopt when they become involved in their children's schooling. In this study, 28 parents from three groups (Latin American, Maghrebi/Northwest African, and Central African) took part in semistructured interviews designed to uncover their...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Immigrants, Parent Participation, Educational Practices, Family...

Understanding teachers' perceptions of their abilities across a variety of teaching strategies can provide insight for understanding teaching effectiveness and program review. Teaching efficacy reflects the degrees of confidence individuals have in their ability to successfully perform specific teaching proficiencies (Bandura, 1986). Additional insight can also be gleaned by examining the factors that influence a person's rating of his/her efficacy beliefs across a variety of pedagogical skills...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Physical Education, National Standards, Self Efficacy, Likert Scales, Preservice...

The purpose of this research was to mobilize the educational community of a disadvantaged Montreal high school so as to implement practices more adapted to its environmental reality by developing an approach to support the building of collaborative bridges connecting school, family, and community. During the discussion, the perceptions of high school parents (n = 109), primary school parents (n = 381) and neighborhood families (n = 14) concerning the participating school will be presented....
Topics: ERIC Archive, High School Students, Academic Persistence, School Holding Power, Success, Academic...

Organizations today are faced with the challenges of expanding their traditional classroom-based approaches into blended learning experiences which integrate regular classrooms, virtual classrooms, social learning, independent reading, on the job learning and other methodologies. Our team converted a two-day classroom-based program, taught from 2010-2013 through the Canadian Organization Development Institute (CODI), into an on-line offering. We used several leading edge technologies, without...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Blended Learning, Classroom Techniques, Online Courses, Best Practices, Adult...

This study aims at exploring the problems of social growth experienced by students, and as recognized by teachers at "Bseera", Jordan. The study sample consisted of (88) male and female students from first-grade in the public schools in Bseera/governorate of Tafila/Jordan 2009/2010. The researcher has developed a questionnaire which consists of (23) paragraphs, while four-graded standard has been chosen to questions related to social problems. The results showed that the most...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Social Development, Problems, Grade 1, Elementary School Students,...

The elements of school climate include the safety and overall well-being of students, as well as students' sense of connectedness and schools' discipline practices and physical environments. In 2012, 48% of suspensions in California were due to "willful defiance," an overly broad and subjective category defined as "disrupting school activities or otherwise willfully defying the valid authority of school staff," including disruptive behavior, such as eye rolling, coming to...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Environment, Discipline, School Safety, Well Being, Student Attitudes,...

In this article, I present research on some traditional numeracy practices of the Gusilay people group in Senegal and make recommendations for developing a numeracy programme for women. Based on a strong foundation of traditional knowledge and practices, the programme will aim to meet felt needs of women who are faced with new numeracy related challenges due to changes in society. My research is placed in the framework of social practice theory, which emphasizes the fact that numeracy is not a...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Educational Practices, Adult Education, Social Theories, Numeracy,...

With integration of information technology tool for academic course registration in the Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, the study assessed the agro-students' appraisal of the online tool for course registration. A simple random sampling technique was used to select 325 agrostudents; and validated and reliable questionnaire was used for collection of data on the study objectives. Results of the analysis data showed that the use of online registration tool was appraised valuable for...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Student Attitudes, Information Technology, Management Systems,...

Researchers in education have documented that teachers' sense of efficacy has strong impacts on various aspects of teaching and learning. Yet, in the field of TESOL, inquiry into teachers' sense of efficacy is extremely scarce. The present study, by adopting the notion of teachers' sense of efficacy as the theoretical framework, has explored Iranian English Institute teachers' confidence in teaching English. The study has also examined teachers' attitudes toward the English language and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Language Proficiency, Institutes...

Teaching courses in a foreign language was formally promoted by Ministry of Education in China in 2001. Guangdong University of Foreign Studies (Guangwai) as a top 3 Chinese foreign language university has taken the lead in teaching business courses in English instruction or bilingual languages. The paper summarizes and analyzes Guangwai's experiences in implementing this teaching mode, such as the types of courses taught in this mode, the conditions required for teachers, the selection of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, English (Second Language), Second Language Instruction, Business English,...

Author focuses on three groups of problems: quality of distance learning and e-learning; necessity to develop the facilitation skills for teachers who work using distance learning technologies; realization of inclusive approach for the organization of distance learning in inclusive groups where people with disabilities study with people without any disabilities. The conclusions and main ideas of author are based on the theoretical researches and her perennial experience as a head of big...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Distance Education, Inclusion, Electronic Learning, Educational Quality, Skill...

This is a research study conducted on 17 teachers who teach English in Saudi international schools. It mainly aims at exploring teaching practices in these schools in terms of the principles of communicative language teaching (CLT). It also investigates the appropriateness of CLT in this context from the point of view of teachers. Two research tools are used in this study. The first one is a questionnaire taken by 17 teachers. The second tool is the interviews held with four teachers. Several...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Teaching Methods, English (Second Language), International...

In recent years the use of new technologies has been extensively explored in different aspects of language learning pedagogy. The objective of this research was to investigate the impact Repeated Reading activity, supported by iPod Touch could have on the English Oral Reading Fluency (ORF) of second language university students with Special Learning Difficulties (SpLD) at Cyprus University of Technology. As part of their university courses, students have two compulsory English courses. Due to...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Technology, Handheld Devices, Oral Reading, Reading Fluency, Learning...

Studying task repetition for adult and young foreign language learners of English (EFL) has received growing interest in recent literature within the task-based approach (Bygate, 2009; Hawkes, 2012; Mackey, Kanganas, & Oliver, 2007; Pinter, 2007b). Earlier work suggests that second language (L2) learners benefit from repeating the same or a slightly different task. Task repetition has been shown to enhance fluency and may also add to complexity or accuracy of production. However, few...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Oral Language, Language Fluency, Task Analysis, Accuracy, Guidelines, English (Second...

Generalizability theory (GT) offers a useful framework for estimating the reliability of a measure while accounting for multiple sources of error variance. The purpose of this study was to use GT to examine multiple sources of variance in and the reliability of school-level teacher and high school student behaviors as observed using the tool, Assessing School Settings: Interactions of Students and Teachers (ASSIST). The study took place in the context of a high school randomized controlled...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Generalizability Theory, Teacher Behavior, Student Behavior, High School Students,...

Recent reports call for a structural transformation of teacher preparation programs with increased attention to quality field-based learning experiences for pre-service teachers. Ideally, this occurs in the context of robust university-school partnerships. The challenges lie in identifying such school sites and building meaningful, reciprocal relationships, particularly in large Colleges of Education that house a multitude of certification programs. This paper discusses how two programs within...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Partnerships in Education, Teacher Education Programs, Preservice Teacher Education,...

Adults who pursue postsecondary education often bring with them considerable college-level learning that they acquired from their work, military, or life experience. Through prior learning assessment (PLA), they may be able to have this learning evaluated for college credit. One form of PLA is individualized assessment, in which students prepare a portfolio of their experiential learning, often with supporting documentation. This portfolio is then evaluated by trained faculty assessors to...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Prior Learning, Portfolios (Background Materials), Portfolio Assessment, Evaluation...

The purpose of this descriptive-correlational study was to determine the use of technology in youth programming by Extension youth development educators in Louisiana, Mississippi, and Tennessee. Data were collected via e-mail and a SurveyMonkey© questionnaire. Extension educators are using some technology in youth development programming. More than three-fourths of Extension youth educators are using Facebook; however, less than one fourth of Extension youth educators are using Twitter which...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Extension Education, Rural Extension, Agricultural Education, Technology Uses in...

The Forum, a collaboration of 22 Federal government agencies involved in research and activities related to children and families, was founded in 1994 and formally established in April 1997 under Executive Order No. 13045. The mission of the Forum is to foster coordination and collaboration and to enhance and improve consistency in the collection and reporting of Federal data on children and families. During alternate publication years of "America's Children: Key National Indicators of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Children, Adolescents, Well Being, Social Indicators, Family Environment, Social...

The study focuses on the background of Social Science and Humanities students (specifically in the course General Psychology) on their English education and competence. This research aims to identify the common factors of these students in terms of their English Proficiency. The students will answer survey questions that will give us information about their educational background, their confidence in using English, their opinion on the competence of their teachers in English, and their interest...
Topics: ERIC Archive, College Students, Higher Education, English (Second Language), Language Proficiency,...

This paper shares findings from a post-intentional phenomenological study aimed at understanding learners' experience investigating space and dimension concepts in a fifth and sixth grade mathematics class. Findings indicate experiences in this study manifest as an ontological "trying-on" of geometric dimensions (e.g., through sight, perception, and motion), leading learners to conjecture about dimensional relationships. The paper discusses implications informing the second iteration...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Middle School Students, Student Experience, Grade 5, Grade 6, Phenomenology,...

Recent violence in schools and on college campuses has brought into sharp focus the need to address mental health issues in educational settings. Getting students with mental health problems the help they need, without stigmatizing mental illness, may help prevent future tragedies. Children with mental health problems face a host of challenges, including problems at school and an increased chance for brushes with the child welfare and juvenile justice systems. Schools across the country have...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Mental Health, Mental Health Programs, State Legislation, Suicide, Violence, School...

When the number of college access and success organizations in St. Louis, Missouri, began to grow, some leaders began noticing that organizations were not coordinating their services to reach students; rather, they were developing a tendency toward competition for limited financial resources. Student-focused organizations have the ability to increase the impact of their services by using partnerships and collaborations synergistically. As college access and success initiatives grow,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Case Studies, Partnerships in Education, Academic Persistence, School Community...

In the United States exclusionary discipline (suspension and expulsion) is commonly used to remove disruptive students from the classroom or school. While any disciplinary action should be applied fairly and consistently to all groups, for more than 35 years the research literature has highlighted a discipline gap between racial/ethnic minority students and White students. Recently, the literature has identified a gap in the rates of exclusionary discipline between students in special education...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Disproportionate Representation, Discipline, Suspension, Expulsion, Minority Group...

Most special education administrators do not get the chance to network regularly with professional peers to discuss job challenges and strategies. School-district special education directors routinely juggle complex, difficult, time-consuming, and emotion-laden job demands, but when things get tough, they usually find themselves solving problems on their own. The Special Education Leadership Academy in Massachusetts was developed to remedy that situation. Collaboration between special education...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Special Education, School Administration, Communities of Practice, Social Networks,...

While most teachers in Tennessee remain in their positions for many years, it is also the case that some of the most effective teachers depart each year, either to go teach in a different school, a different district, or sometimes to leave the profession entirely. Not all of these moves are avoidable, but finding ways to retain as many high quality teachers as possible represents a central challenge for all administrators. This brief adds to a substantial body of research on teacher retention...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Teacher Persistence, Teacher Effectiveness, Public School Teachers, School Districts,...

The current level of apportionment for Career Development and College Preparation (CDCP) enhanced noncredit classes and program--at only 71% of the credit rate--does not provide adequate funding for noncredit programs that endeavor to support job readiness, provide a gateway to enrollment in credit classes, and attract and retain quality faculty and staff. This policy brief discusses five noncredit categories, which are the focus of the Assembly Bill 86 adult education planning process, and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Noncredit Courses, Financial Support, Resource Allocation, Career Development,...

This paper uses the credits-attempted perspective--in the context of how many credits a student attempts in their first year of college--and reports on several related projects all intended to evaluate potential interventions to raise academic momentum among first-year community college students. The presentation contrasts non-experimental findings from analyses of transcript data with three randomized control trials aimed at assessing the impact of increasing student momentum. The research...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Community Colleges, Two Year College Students, College Freshmen, Academic...

The goal of this research is to make sensitivity analysis accessible not only to empirical researchers but also to the various stakeholders for whom educational evaluations are conducted. To do this it derives anchors for the omitted variable (OV)-program participation association intrinsically, using the Love plot to present a wide range of possible values in a compact yet intuitive manner. At the same time it calibrates anchor points for the OV-outcome association extrinsically, drawing on...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Research Methodology, Quasiexperimental Design, Evaluation Methods, Comparative...

Numeracy is a fundamental component of the Australian National Curriculum as a General Capability identified in each F-10 subject. In this paper, we consider the principles of design necessary for the development of numeracy tasks specific to subjects other than mathematics--in this case, the subject of English. We explore the nature of potential design principles by synthesising generic principles of task design from relevant literature, mapping these principles against an episode of classroom...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Numeracy, Foreign Countries, Mathematics Instruction, Mathematics Teachers,...

This paper reports on a study that investigated the nature of the students' mathematical talk in an undergraduate mathematics study group. Study groups to support the learning of first year mathematics students are encouraged by mathematics educators. From nine recorded sessions, a session with a high quantity of mathematical talk and unfamiliar topics was chosen as a case study. The students used several different interactions but they developed mostly low level cognitive conversations. Four...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Study, Group Activities, Undergraduate Students, Mathematics Instruction, College...

The approaches to new technologies available to schools, teachers and students largely concern computers and engagement. This requires adoption of alternate and new teaching practices to engage students in the teaching and learning process. This research integrates youth voice about the use of technology. A major motivation for this research is to increase understanding of student perceptions about their learning and interactions taking place during mathematics classes utilising ICT. The focal...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Information Technology, Mathematics Instruction, Foreign Countries, Teaching Methods,...

This paper describes the assessment of primary pre-service teachers' mathematics content knowledge and the associated support services provided at the University of Otago during 2013. Most pre-service teachers believed that the results from the assessments accurately reflected their mathematics knowledge and gave them useful feedback about specific content knowledge. There was moderate take-up of the four types of support offered, with few making no use or minimal use and few making high use of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Preservice Teachers, Preservice Teacher Education, Pedagogical...

U.S. social programs, set up to address important problems, often fall short by funding specific models/strategies ("interventions") that are not effective. When evaluated in scientifically-rigorous studies, social interventions in K-12 education, job training, crime prevention, and other areas are frequently found ineffective or marginally effective. Interventions that produce sizable, sustained effects on important life outcomes tend to be the exception. The Top Tier Evidence...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Career Academies, Program Evaluation, Program Effectiveness, Evidence, Randomized...

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Student-to-student bullying is still a current issue within elementary schools nationwide. Educators are often unaware, improperly trained and/or unwilling to help in student bullying incidences. Without training or willingness, teachers often are driven into silence and inaction, effectively putting the wellbeing of students at risk. The present study examines this topic through previous literature, gathers data to raise further awareness and better understanding of this issue, and provides...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Bullying, Elementary School Students, Elementary School Teachers, Teacher Role,...

While ebooks have been around for many years, recent rapid improvements in the versatility and affordability of e-readers and tablets, along with increased access to broadband internet, have lead to a dramatic rise in household ownership of these devices. Between 2012 and 2013, the proportion of children responding to the National Literacy Trust's annual literacy survey who owned an e-reader rose from 20% to 30%, while tablet ownership increased from 38% to 65% and smartphone ownership from 38%...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Electronic Publishing, Reading Motivation, Reading Skills, Surveys, Technology Uses...

In 2007, New York City launched the first test of a conditional cash transfer program in the United States. Called Family Rewards, the program sought to break the intergenerational cycle of poverty by offering cash assistance to poor families to reduce immediate hardship, but conditioned this assistance on families' efforts to improve their health, further their children's education, and increase parents' work and earnings, in the hope of reducing poverty over the long term. The program had...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Urban Areas, Poverty Programs, Welfare Services, Family Programs, Rewards, Urban...

For more than a decade, college prices have been rising consistently and have continued to rise at a gradual pace after the Stafford loan limit increases were enacted in 2008 and 2009. However, it is difficult to determine if a direct relationship exists between increases in college prices and the Stafford loan limit increases because of the confluence of many other factors that occurred around the time the loan limit increases took effect. For this final report, U.S. Government Accountability...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Federal Aid, Student Loan Programs, Student Financial Aid, Tuition, Fees, Costs,...

Teachers require knowledge of the unique skills that each child brings to the classroom in order to effectively target instruction towards students' learning needs. Despite substantial investments in programs aimed at enhancing teacher knowledge of individual students' skills (KISS), we know surprisingly little about how KISS is distributed or how teachers develop KISS, let alone the role that KISS plays in instruction and learning. In this study, I employ nationally-representative data to...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Kindergarten, Preschool Teachers, Elementary School Teachers, Grade 1, Teacher...

Starting primary education is one of the most important changes that children encounter in early childhood. Moreover, especially within the last twenty years, as an outcome of the idea that children are active learners, listening to children's ideas about their learning, lives, and experiences has gained importance. In this sense, this study is thought to be significant in terms of its aim to analyze the transition to primary school according to the thoughts of children and to offer suggestions...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Elementary School Students, Qualitative Research, Kindergarten, Foreign Countries,...

This study aims to identify the noble values that are being cultivated and practiced in the process of teaching and learning of Ethnic Relations Course for pre-service teachers. Element values investigated including the identity, loyalty, patriotism, tolerance, cooperation and pride as a Malaysian. This quantitative research employs a survey method involving 35 lecturers from five different institutes of teacher education in Malaysia. The participants were selected using stratified random...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Preservice Teachers, Values, Values Education, Ethnicity, Ethnic Diversity, Racial...

In this autoethnographic study, the authors/subjects examined retrospective reflections (narratives) on their experiences within an ePortfolio community of practice to help them understand the conditions that led to transformations in their teaching. The theoretical framework of situated learning and cognitive mediation was used to explore this process of transformation and explain how participation in a community of practice might lead to such change. We argue that ePortfolio itself is imbued...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Portfolios (Background Materials), Electronic Publishing, Ethnography, Educational...

The study presented here aims to gather useful information on the use, re-reuse and sharing of resources in Education and also the influence of repositories, to better understand the perspective of individual practitioners and suggest future areas of debate for researchers. Open Resources: Influence on Learners and Educators (ORIOLE) project, was based within the Institute of Educational Technology, The Open University (OU) from 2009-2013 and focused on investigating, understanding and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Open Education, Educational Resources, Shared Resources and Services, Open...

There is a longstanding recognition in the field of language education that teachers must continually shape and reshape their knowledge of teaching and learning throughout their careers (Farrell, 2015). Much of a teacher's early knowledge is developed initially in teacher education programs, and then through teaching experiences and reflections throughout their careers. Nonetheless, teaching experiences are not enough to foster development unless they are consciously reflected on, and teachers...
Topics: ERIC Archive, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction,...

Undergraduate students pursuing a Bachelor of Science in Forestry (BSF) at Stephen F. Austin State University (SFA) attend an intensive 6-week residential hands-on instruction in applied field methods. The intensive 6-week instruction includes learning how to use the Global Positioning System (GPS) with a Garmin eTrex HCx GPS unit to accurately calculate area. Students were instructed how to assess the accuracy of their GPS collected waypoints by calculating the Root Mean Square Error (RMSE)...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Undergraduate Students, Forestry, Natural Resources, Teaching Methods, Electronic...

This paper reports on a study designed to examine the dialogic processes teachers used to sustain focused discussions, using questioning techniques and Interactive Whiteboards (IWBs). IWBs and their related technologies such as plasma touch screens and projected tablets have passed through several phases of implementation as classroom objects, from initial adoption by a few enthusiasts, through the building acceptance phases, and finally a phase of maturity characterized by widespread use. This...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Technology Uses in Education, Interactive Video, Educational Technology, Teaching...

While substantial progress has been made in spreading performance measurement across the country and world, much of the information from performance measurement systems has been shallow. Modern technology and the considerable demand for information on progress in achieving the outcomes of public programs and policies are creating major opportunities for considerably improving the usefulness of performance information. This report provides a number of recommendations to help public and private...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Performance, Measurement, Management Systems, Government (Administrative Body),...

It is a well-known problem in testing the fit of models to multinomial data that the full underlying contingency table will inevitably be sparse for tests of reasonable length and for realistic sample sizes. Under such conditions, full-information test statistics such as Pearson's X[superscript 2]?? and the likelihood ratio statistic ????G[superscript 2] are poorly calibrated. Limited-information fit statistics, such as the M[subscript 2]???? statistic proposed by Maydeu-Olivares & Joe...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Goodness of Fit, Item Response Theory, Classification, Maximum Likelihood Statistics,...

The "College and Career Readiness and Success Organizer" is a graphic that displays a consolidated overview of the many elements that impact a learner's ability to succeed in college and careers at both the institutional and individual levels. The "Organizer" is intended to be a comprehensive and visual representation of the complexities of the college and career readiness and success universe and is a composite of essential considerations that are equal in importance and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, College Readiness, Career Readiness, Success, Student Educational Objectives,...

This article presents an overview of the development and use of analytics in the context of education. Using Buckingham Shum's three levels of analytics, the authors present a critical analysis of current developments in the domain of learning analytics, and contrast the potential value of analytics research and development with real world educational implementation and practice. The article also focuses on the development of education content analytics and considers the legal and ethical...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Learning, Data Analysis, Data Collection, Educational Assessment, Content Analysis,...

Critical pedagogy scholars have long struggled to reconcile their desire for a democratic, participatory classroom with the necessity of creating a learning environment that is safe and inclusive. Indeed, in critical pedagogy theory there is a tension between enabling students to think for themselves and convincing students to read the cultural and political world in the same way as their professor. How, then, should a postsecondary educator respond to students whose classroom behavior is...
Topics: ERIC Archive, College Faculty, Student Behavior, Social Bias, Behavior Problems, Teacher Role,...

Over the last two decades, social capital has received increasing attention in the international literature. Despite the popularity of the construct, problems concerning definition, theoretical conceptualisation, and measurement continue to plague research and policy in this area. This investigation aimed to address this gap by developing a new social capital instrument to test the theorised nature of the construct. Utilising a sample of 1371 young Australians living in disadvantaged...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Social Capital, Mental Health, Measures (Individuals), Test Construction,...

Once considered a stylistic issue, metaphor is now considered a critical component of everyday and specialized language and most importantly, a fundamental mechanism of human conceptualizations of the world. The use of metaphor in language, thought and communication has been examined in second language (L2) learning. The body of literature that investigates the relationship between metaphor and L2 learning has increased significantly, with most studies revolving around the Conceptual Metaphor...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Second Language Learning, Figurative Language, State of the Art Reviews, Scholarship,...

Forest fires, as all natural disasters, have the potential to seriously affect both the environment and the social structure of a local community. Unlike some of the natural disasters, such as hurricanes, tornados and tsunamis which are unpredictable, the phenomenon of forest fires could be easily predicted and controlled, since the causes are mainly anthropogenic. This article, focusing on the paradigm of forest fires that occurred in Greece during the summer of 2007, deals in depth with the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Ecology, Civics, Natural Disasters, Environmental Influences,...

Student suicide is a serious issue facing intermediate/secondary schools. Teachers have the potential to play important roles in addressing such risk. This study utilized semi-structured interviews with six intermediate/secondary teachers in Newfoundland concerning their experiences of working with a student who had returned to the classroom after an attempted suicide. Coding was utilized to determine common themes among the data. Findings indicated teachers experienced shock, uncertainty,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, At Risk Students, Suicide, Self Destructive Behavior, Semi Structured Interviews,...

This study reports from a pre-service teacher's online learning and assessment activity on determining variability of two graphical artefacts. Using a critical-analytical perspective to data, the present study indicates that the prospective teachers surveyed showed awareness of relevant subject specific operators and methods; however, these seem not be well coordinated and were submerged in forms of expressions characterized by intuitive methods and everyday language. Significantly the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Case Studies, Preservice Teachers, Electronic Learning, Online Courses, Statistics,...

This article discusses practical ways to incorporate theater concepts into the ESL classroom. The notion of a theater ensemble lends itself well to group work in language learning. I have used my experience auditioning, participating in theater games, and improv techniques to encourage second language learning through public speaking, group collaboration, and giving students the power to speak.
Topics: ERIC Archive, Classroom Techniques, Concept Teaching, English (Second Language), Second Language...

This research was conducted in order to gain a preliminary insight into the general orientation and range of opinions of 396 primary and secondary school teachers in Croatia toward the a) importance of their competencies related to the education policies; b) cognition and mastering of the competencies related to the education policies; c) the actual activity of primary and secondary school teachers in the creation and implementation of education policies. Research data were collected on the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Teacher Competencies, Educational Policy, Program Implementation,...

This paper attempts a Jungian approach to Margaret Drabble's novel "The Realms of Gold." Jungian reading has been taken up to unravel the distinctive characteristics which make this novel so unique and popular. The focus of the paper is to classify the main characters of the novel in terms of their psychological types. In this novel from the beginning the reader is introduced to an atmosphere which is related to the personality of the main character Frances Wingate. Her thoughts are...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Novels, Personality Traits, Interpersonal Relationship, Classification, Comparative...

Publicly reporting timely, actionable, and comprehensible education data is one of the most powerful ways states can promote transparency, strengthen accountability, and ensure that everyone with a stake in education--parents, educators, policymakers, and members of the public and press--has access to the information they need to make good decisions. Data can be made available in a variety of ways, including through federally mandated school report cards, through public-facing data portals, or...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Parents, Empowerment, School Community Relationship, Federal Regulation, Educational...

Each state and jurisdiction that participated in the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) 2013 Grade 12 Reading and Mathematics State Pilot assessment receives a one-page snapshot report that presents key findings and trends in a condensed format. This report presents the results for New Hampshire's 2013 student achievement in mathematics. In 2013, the average score of twelfth-grade students in New Hampshire was 161. This was higher than the average score of 152 for public school...
Topics: ERIC Archive, National Surveys, Educational Indicators, Educational Assessment, Mathematics...

This paper presents a model for conducting Internet of Things (IoT) classes based on a web-service oriented cloud platform. The goal of the designed model is to provide university students with knowledge about IoT concepts, possibilities, and business models, and allow them to develop basic system prototypes using general-purpose microdevices and a cloud and service infrastructure. The model was based on a cloud infrastructure deployed at the E-Business Department at the Belgrade University,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Web Based Instruction, Educational Technology, College Students, Information...

This design-based research project investigated the development of functional thinking in algebra for the upper primary years of schooling. Ten teachers and their students were involved in a sequence of five cycles of collaborative planning, team-teaching, evaluating and revising five lessons on functional thinking for their students over one year. This paper focuses on two aspects of the study related to developing students' functional thinking by visualising the structure of a growing pattern...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Thinking Skills, Algebra, Mathematics Instruction, Teaching Methods, Visualization,...

Taking advantage of lottery-like features in New York City's high school admissions process, previous MDRC reports have provided rigorous evidence that new small public high schools are narrowing the educational attainment gap and markedly improving high school graduation prospects, particularly for disadvantaged students. The new findings in this policy brief demonstrate that these schools are also having a sustained effect on students' enrollment and persistence in postsecondary education,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Urban Schools, Small Schools, High Schools, Selective Admission, Enrollment Trends,...

This report looks specifically at the information and data needs of policymakers related to the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) and the types of research that could provide this information. The ideas in this report were informed by a series of meetings and discussions about a possible research agenda for the Common Core, sponsored by the Center on Education Policy (CEP) at The George Washington University, and attended by representatives of education policy organizations, researchers, and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Standards, State Standards, Alignment (Education), Educational Policy,...

This report provides educators and policymakers with information they can use to celebrate their successes, understand their unique challenges, and set meaningful goals to increase opportunity for all students. It is important to note that while AP® Exams are valid measures of students' content mastery of college-level studies in specific academic disciplines, AP results should never be used as the sole measure for gauging educational excellence and equity. Because reliable demographic data...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Advanced Placement, African American Students, American Indian Students, Asian...

Race to the Top (RTT) is a first-of-its kind $4.35 billion competitive grant program designed to spur state-level education innovation to boost student achievement, close achievement gaps, and prepare students for college and careers. Originally authorized in 2009 under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, RTT encourages states to develop and implement key reform strategies around four core components: (1) Adopting rigorous college- and career-ready standards and assessments; (2)...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Federal Legislation, Educational Legislation, Federal Programs, Federal Aid,...

This report portrays various performance indicators that are intended to facilitate an assessment of the postsecondary education system in Michigan. Descriptive statistics are presented for Michigan and five other comparison states as well as the nation. Comparison states were selected according to the degree of similarity of population characteristics, capital advantages, and market conditions. Indicators in the first section, "Target Outcomes," assess progress towards the key goal...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Postsecondary Education, Educational Indicators, School Effectiveness, Enrollment,...

This article forms part of a major study being conducted in Zimbabwe to explore the possibilities of integrating indigenous knowledge of plant healing (Ikoph) into western-oriented classroom science. The article reports on an aspect of research methodology. This study explored appropriate strategies for gaining access to indigenous knowledge holders, and for generating indigenous knowledge data from these knowledge holders. It is a descriptive study rooted in an African indigenous research...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Indigenous Knowledge, Plants (Botany), Culturally Relevant...

Joint use of public school facilities is a complex but manageable approach to efficiently enhancing the services and programs available to students and supporting the community use of public schools. Building upon on our 2010 paper titled "Joint Use of Public Schools: A Framework for a New Social Contract," this paper identifies the policy framework needed to support sustainable joint use of public schools. Our goal with this paper is to provide local and state leaders with the policy...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Elementary Secondary Education, Public Schools, Educational Facilities, School...

Little is known about postsecondary pathways and persistence among college students with an Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). This study analyzed data from the National Longitudinal Transition Study-2, 2001-2009, a nationally representative sample of students in special education with an ASD who progressed from high school to postsecondary education. Findings suggest that most college students with an ASD enrolled in a 2-year community college at some point in their postsecondary careers (81%)....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, College Students, Academic Persistence,...

This brief describes the extent to which states required teacher evaluation policies aligned with the Race to the Top (RTT) initiative as of spring 2012. Although teacher evaluation policies appear to be rapidly evolving, documenting policy requirements in the early years of RTT implementation can help inform policymakers about the pace of policy innovation nationally. This brief examines the presence of state-level requirements for certain practices but not the actual district- or school-level...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Teacher Evaluation, Program Implementation, Educational Policy, Interviews, Alignment...

To meet the immense challenges society faces in areas such as energy, health, and environmental protection, science teachers and teacher educators need to invest in the creation of classroom cultures that turn the intellectual heavy lifting over to the students while developing students' identities as competent learners. The vision is that classrooms are both intellectually rigorous--accountable to important ideas and practices in the discipline--and uncompromisingly responsive to students'...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Science Instruction, Beginning Teachers, Teaching Methods, Cognitive Processes,...

People with hearing disability find it difficult to access to information and communication in public places. According to this fact, it is considered the possibility to design a communication system based on the Spanish Sign Language (SSL), which helps to overcome this barrier in public environments of wide concurrence, where much of the information is provided to users through oral communication. Therefore, we want to provide a channel of communication that will help to improve the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Spanish, Sign Language, Hearing Impairments, Accessibility (for Disabled), Access to...

This documentation is for the provisional version 1a file of the National Center for Education Statistics' (NCES) Common Core of Data (CCD) Local Education Agency (LEA) Universe Survey for SY 2011-12. It contains a brief description of the data collection, along with information required to understand and access the data file. The CCD is a national statistical program that collects and compiles administrative data from state education agencies (SEAs) covering the universe of all public...
Topics: ERIC Archive, School Districts, National Surveys, Public Schools, Elementary Schools, Secondary...

During a study abroad experience on the island of Vieques, Puerto Rico, participants found themselves in an "impromptu learning experience" that extended their learning beyond Puerto Rican culture to real-world debates of tourist development, environmental issues, and the struggles of the native population. In this paper, we introduce impromptu learning: an unplanned experiential learning experience, triggered by a significant and personalized incident, that engages, invigorates, and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Study Abroad, Informal Education, Qualitative Research, Interviews, Student Journals,...

The main aims of this qualitative study are to identify and categorise the types of lexical borrowings from the three main Malaysian languages which are the Malay language, Chinese dialects and Indian languages used by 203 ESL teachers, to what extent these lexical borrowings are used and for what reasons. This study has identified a new category known as prefixation and collected 483 lexical items over a period of one year that is, from December 2011 to November 2012. The findings of this...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Qualitative Research, Foreign Countries, Linguistic Borrowing, English (Second...

Concern has been expressed that many commencing undergraduate mathematics students have mastered skills without conceptual understanding. A pilot study carried out at a leading Australian university indicates that a significant number of students, with high tertiary entrance ranks, have very limited understanding of the concept of function, despite the emphasis it receives in the secondary mathematics curriculum. Whilst most students were familiar with families of functions, many were unable to...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Undergraduate Students, College Mathematics, Mathematical Concepts, Pilot Projects,...

One of the questions facing language instructors is how direct vocabulary instruction should be. Much recent research into vocabulary acquisition and studies of learning strategies strongly indicates that the explicit vocabulary learning vs. implicit vocabulary learning issue is not a dichotomy, but rather a continuum (Hunt and Belgar, 2005; Lee and Tan, 2012; Nation 2001; Schmitt 2008). It is a continuum on which some vocabulary learners tend toward implicit learning while others tend toward...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Teaching Methods, Vocabulary...

Each fall, the American Institute of Physics (AIP's) Statistical Research Center conducts its Survey of Enrollments and Degrees. The survey is sent to all degree-granting physics and astronomy departments in the U.S. and Puerto Rico, and asks them to provide the number of degrees they conferred in the previous academic year. The academic year is defined as being from September to August. In the academic year 2011-12 there were 195 departments with a physics PhD program. Responses were received...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Physics, Doctoral Degrees, Foreign Students, Time to Degree, Doctoral Dissertations,...

"Implementing Governance for a New Era" is an action plan to assist college and university trustees in reforming higher education. Delivered to more than 16,000 college and university trustees in November 2014, the plan provides details on how trustees properly represent the public by ensuring students receive a quality education at a reasonable price. The action plan examines the key questions all trustees must ask in order to gauge institutional effectiveness. It covers topics...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Governance, Trustees, Higher Education, College Planning, Program Implementation,...

The third in UIL's current series of policy briefs, titled "Gender equality matters: Empowering women through literacy programmes," offers research-informed analysis and action-oriented recommendations for local and national governments, providers of literacy programmes and educators on how to reduce the gender gap in adult literacy. This document describes measures taken in different countries to reduce gender disparities in literacy and presents best-practice examples of literacy...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Womens Education, Equal Education, Gender Differences, Adult Literacy, Best...

Classroom foreign language teachers using technology in task-based language teaching (TBLT) may experience pedagogical regression during technological development (Fullan, 2001), and fail to transform pedagogy because tools like interactive whiteboards (IWBs) support traditional as well as newer approaches (Avvisati et al., 2013). IWB-supported teacher education in TBLT must therefore develop new technological know-how and encourage pedagogy often also experienced as innovative. This study used...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Computer Assisted Instruction, Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction,...

The main purpose of the study was to assess the acquisition of employability skills by vocational students in Malaysia. A total of 214 students participated in the study. We used the SCANS instrument to assess vocational students' employability skills. The overall mean of vocational secondary students' employability skills was 3.81 (SD = 0.34). Students' employability skills were found to be correlated with gender (r[subscript pb] = -0.172, p = 0.012), industrial training (r[subscript pb] =...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Employment Potential, Job Skills, Skill Development, Secondary...

Percy Bysshe Shelley was a poet whose name itself is a Metaphor for exquisite, rhythmic poetry laden with images of Nature as well as Man. He possesses the magical power of transporting the reader into an alternative world with the unique use of metaphors and imagery. His personal sadness was translated into sweet songs that are echoed in the entire world defying all boundaries and straddles. One of the most renowned works of Shelley, "Ozymandias" is a sonnet that challenges the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Poetry, Art, English Literature, Nineteenth Century Literature, Social Change,...